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Ju Chuanjiang: China's peaceful rise

With 70 years of struggle, China has completed the leap from a backward agricultural country to a modern industrial country. In particular, during the 40 years of reform and opening up, China has realized the transformation from poverty to a comprehensive well-off society, making its national strength from weak to strong. However, the journey of a big eastern country to prosperity is always accompanied by all kinds of strange talks from the United States and other Western countries, from "collapse theory", "threat theory" to "yellow peril theory" in turn. However, misjudgments, assumptions, and predictions based on prejudice and even hostility have made them make strategic mistakes time and time again.

If Western politicians and think tank experts who hold the above-mentioned fallacies can truly understand China, understand China’s reform and opening up; if they can throw away their arrogance and prejudice, throw away their colored glasses, and look squarely at China instead of looking down, squinting, or even contemptuous of China If they can make objective judgments from a fair standpoint, they will find that China's rise is completely different from the path of any previous great power's rise, and they will draw another conclusion: China's peaceful rise is the key to world development, prosperity and progress. blessing!

On the contrary, in the face of China's rise, some Western political elites headed by the United States have mixed feelings, using a Chinese proverb called "envy, jealousy and hatred". They seem to have become obsessed with being conservative, generalizing and even turning black and white. Over the past decades, I have turned a blind eye to China's development and progress, and I have fear and anxiety in my heart. My mentality has been extremely distorted. Sometimes I questioned and abused, and sometimes cursed and besieged. When I saw the problems in China's development, I said arbitrarily that "China is about to collapse." Seeing China's rise and catching up in many fields, it is said that "China threatens the national security of the United States". "Revisionism" and other new hats, maliciously smearing, distorting, slandering and blocking China in turn.

It's just that when American politicians sell these fallacies around the world like "Sister Xianglin", they just talk about it, but they never come up with theoretical basis and factual examples. When China is gradually becoming an economic power and power, those lies will be Time and time again, it has become the laughing stock of history.

The strong, sustainable, innovative and green development of China's economy not only brings more and more benefits to the nearly 1.4 billion Chinese people, but also affects the development process of the world economy. China has embarked on a unique path of peaceful rise through reform and opening up, integration into globalization, hard work and ingenuity. This is very different from the rise of great powers over the past 200 years through colonialism, illegal foreign plunder and annexation by war.

Because China's prosperity has defeated the predictions of the West, and because China's development path is completely different from the path designed and expected by the West, the fear in the heart of the world's second largest economy with strong stamina is growing day by day. In fact, for the 1.4 billion Chinese people, this is a road to rejuvenation of a great country that has spent a century of struggle under the leadership of the Communist Party of China.

In 2018, China's GDP exceeded 90 trillion yuan for the first time, compared with 367.87 billion yuan in 1978. Over the past 40 years, China has continued to develop at an average annual growth rate of 9.5%, while the world average of only 2.9% over the same period. Last year, China's per capita gross national income reached US$9,732, and it successfully entered the ranks of upper-middle-income countries from a low-income country. In 2018, the national general public budget revenue reached 18.3 trillion yuan, and China's financial strength is getting stronger and stronger.

As the world's second largest economy, China has contributed more than 30% to world economic growth since 2006, becoming the core engine and stabilizer leading world economic growth.

With the continuous improvement of China's national consumption level, China has become the world's largest consumer market for livestock products and aquatic products, resulting in the continuous expansion of China's agricultural product imports. In 2018, my country's agricultural product imports reached 137.10 billion US dollars, an increase of 8.9%, and the trade deficit reached 57.38 billion US dollars US dollar, up 14.0%. In particular, imports of soybeans, edible oilseeds, fruits, livestock products, aquatic products and other products have continued to expand, becoming an important force driving the growth of agricultural product exports from the United States, Brazil, Australia, Thailand, Malaysia, and the Philippines.

China is the largest export destination for US soybeans and the second largest export destination for cotton. U.S. agricultural exports to China accounted for 15 percent of U.S. agricultural exports in 2017. 62% of soybeans and 14% of cotton exported by the United States are sold to China. On average, each American farmer exports about $12,000 in agricultural products to China. The Sino-US trade war has only been going on for one year, and the soybean farmers in the United States are suffering terribly. According to reports, due to China's sharp reduction in U.S. soybean imports, U.S. soybean sales have experienced unprecedented difficulties, resulting in the closure of more than 2,000 soybean farms across the country. Although the U.S. government has boasted about subsidies for American farmers, the subsidy has not been in place for a long time, making American farmers wait for it. The farmers said, what we want is a deal, not a subsidy! Without the Chinese market, American farmers will have a hard time.

In the past few decades, China has gone through the road of industrialization that took developed countries hundreds of years to complete. It has a complete modern industrial system and huge production capacity, including more than 200 kinds of steel, automobiles, mechanical and electrical products, mobile phones, computers, clothing, and furniture. Product production and sales rank first in the world. According to statistics, in 2018, China produced 1.8 billion mobile phones, 300 million computers, and 200 million color TVs, accounting for 90%, 90%, and 70% of the global total. In 2018, the production and sales of domestic automobiles were 27.809 million and 28.081 million respectively.

At the same time, as China is transforming from the world's largest manufacturing country to a powerful country, China, as the "world factory" with the most complete industrial system in the world, also has the world's largest high-quality human resources, which makes China's manufacturing industry in the global value chain. , The status and importance in the industrial chain has been irreplaceable. China has become the most important production base and procurement center for parts and raw materials of the world's top 500 companies.

A large number of cheap, high-quality and high-quality Chinese products meet the needs of consumers in different regions and levels of the world. They are complementary to developed countries and developing countries, and greatly ease and make up for the industrialization of developed countries in the United States and Europe. Defects in the economic structure and insufficient capacity of civilian products brought about by hollowing out. At the same time, this has brought huge practical benefits to the high consumption patterns of the people in developed countries.

China's civilian life products and affordable prices are also loved by people in underdeveloped countries. At present, more than 70% of light industrial products and daily consumer goods in southern African countries come from China.

Today, China's huge economic volume, whether it can achieve strong, sustainable, healthy and green economic growth, is not only related to China's own development, but also affects the direction of the world economy. China's development model has not only successfully lifted more than 700 million people out of poverty, but also led people in developing countries in other parts of the world to get out of poverty.

China's ever-expanding consumer market has brought a huge wealth effect to the world. At present, China is already the world's largest consumer market for mobile phones, automobiles, railway and highway transportation, computers, color TVs, air conditioners, clothing, steel, food, fruits, and real estate.

Behind the huge amount of data in the Chinese consumer market is the huge amount of purchases at home and abroad. Every year, the total retail sales of consumer goods in China exceeds 38 trillion yuan, imports exceed 2 trillion US dollars, and the number of Internet users exceeds 800 million. No one can refuse the temptation of the Chinese market, because whoever can occupy this market will earn huge wealth.

China has been at the forefront of the world in many fields of science and technology. Over the past ten years, R&D investment has grown at an average annual rate of nearly 20%. China has become "the country with the largest output of papers in the world". Since 2010, China has become The country with the largest number of domestic invention patent applications. At present, it is in the forefront of the world in many fields such as 5G communication, artificial intelligence, high-speed rail, solar energy, and quantum information science, and has played a huge role in promoting the progress and development of world science and technology. At present, China's annual export of electromechanical products exceeds US$120 billion. Last year, China exported 1.117 billion mobile phones with an export value of 140.8 billion US dollars. And China's export of high-tech products reaches 70 billion US dollars every year.

China is one of the largest import markets in the world and exerts a decisive influence on the world economy. According to the data released by China Customs: in 2018, the total value of China's foreign trade imports and exports was 4.62 trillion US dollars, an increase of 12.6%; of which, exports were 2.48 trillion US dollars, an increase of 9.9%; imports were 2.14 trillion US dollars, an increase of 15.8%; The trade surplus was US$351.76 billion. In 2018, China's total trade in goods once again ranked first in the world. In the 40 years of reform and opening up, China's total foreign trade has increased by more than 700 times. According to statistics, China's trading partners currently cover 231 countries and regions around the world, and China has become the largest trading partner of 60 countries or regions.

With the continuous improvement of Chinese residents' material living standards and consumption ability, the demand for global high-tech products and high-end consumer goods in the Chinese market is increasing rapidly. This has formed a huge siphon effect on developed countries, especially multinational companies. Especially with the continuous expansion of China's middle class, China's demand for overseas luxury goods is increasing, and China has become the world's largest buyer of luxury goods. According to the "China Luxury Report 2019" recently released by McKinsey: In 2018, Chinese people's consumption of luxury goods at home and abroad reached 770 billion yuan, accounting for one-third of the total global luxury consumption; China's domestic luxury goods market sales From 2012 to 2018, more than half of the growth in the global luxury goods market also came from China, and this proportion is expected to reach 65% by 2025.

The world's top 500 companies in Europe, America, Japan, and South Korea are increasingly dependent on the Chinese market. According to incomplete statistics, last year, the sales of major American companies such as Boeing, Wal-Mart, Qualcomm, Intel, Apple, General Motors, and ExxonMobil in China exceeded one trillion yuan. The sales of all U.S. companies in China are more than 380 billion US dollars. According to data from Goldman Sachs, 41 companies in the United States are highly dependent on the Chinese market, ranging from 10% to 84%. Among them, Skyworks has as much as 84% of its annual revenue from Greater China, the world's largest mobile Chip design company Qualcomm gets 65 percent of its revenue from the Chinese market, and Apple gets 19.6 percent of its sales from China, reaching $52 billion last year. China's rapid development has brought huge dividends to these companies. In other words, without the Chinese market, these companies will have a difficult life, let alone development.

The affluent Chinese people have created the world's largest domestic and overseas tourism market. In 2018, there were 5.539 billion domestic tourists, with an income of 5.13 trillion yuan, while the number of Chinese citizens traveling abroad reached 150 million, an increase of 14.7% over the same period of the previous year. In the past ten years, China's outbound tourism market has continued to maintain double-digit growth, or even more than 20%. Russia, Cambodia, Australia, the Philippines and other countries and regions are the largest source of inbound tourists. Last year, China's tourism to Europe showed a blowout growth, and the growth rate of 10 countries ranged from 77% to 218%.

Outbound travel has brought huge consumption demand. According to the calculation of China Tourism Academy, the overseas consumption in 2018 exceeded 120 billion US dollars, and the per capita single overseas travel consumption was about 800 US dollars (about 5,400 RM . The average spending of Chinese tourists in Europe reached more than 11,823 yuan. According to the data released by the U.S. National Travel and Tourism Office, a total of 2.188 million Chinese tourists visited the U.S. last year and their spending in the U.S. reached 23.77 billion U.S. dollars, an average of about 10,800 U.S. dollars per person.

Tourism not only boosts China's economic growth, but also injects new vitality into global economic growth. Experts predict that the outbound travel of Chinese tourists will continue to grow at a double-digit rate. This will undoubtedly have a huge impact on the tourism markets of Southeast Asia, Europe, the Americas, and countries along the Belt and Road.

China's development affects the world economic structure, or in other words, the sustainable development of the world will be highly dependent on the release of China's economic vitality. Just like the deputy editor and chief economic commentator of the Financial Times Martin. Martin Wolf (Martin Wolf) said: "China's reform and opening up has profoundly changed the global economy, mainly because of its huge trade scale and deep integration into the world economic system."

It is the rapid growth of China's economy that has transformed China from a former aid recipient country into one of the world's major donor countries. It has been more than 10 years since China has the ability to help developing countries on a large scale by helping developing countries overcome disasters and develop their economies with financial resources within their capabilities. In 2007, China's foreign aid was 11.154 billion yuan, and in 2017 it reached 16.87 billion yuan. In the past 10 years, China has canceled more than 30 billion debts of many countries; it has trained more than 30,000 professionals and provided medical and health assistance for African countries. China's sincere efforts have won widespread praise around the world.

It is the rise of China that enables the smooth implementation of the great strategy of "One Belt, One Road" and has been echoed by more and more countries around the world. As of March this year, 123 countries and 29 international organizations have signed 171 documents on the Belt and Road cooperation with China. The cumulative number of China-Europe freight trains has exceeded 14,000, passing through the main areas of the Eurasian hinterland, connecting nearly 100 cities between China and Europe, and forming an international trade artery that runs through the Eurasian continent. In the past six years, the total trade volume between China and countries along the “Belt and Road” has exceeded US$5 trillion, and Chinese companies have invested more than US$70 billion in these countries. Chinese enterprises have participated in the construction of more than 1,800 major infrastructure projects such as railways, highways, communications, electric power, and ports, which have vigorously promoted the economic development of countries along the route.

Italy's "All World Weekly" commented: Unlike the United States, which uses sanctions and force to control the global market, the Chinese have an oriental thinking that is just the opposite. They use the brand-new "Silk Road" to promote global economic prosperity and regional relations. The new "China model" will create a new global order.

Martin Jacques, a senior researcher at the University of Cambridge in the United Kingdom, also told Chinese media recently that China, which is rising peacefully, has set a new model of governance for other countries and provided new possibilities for reshaping the global order. He published the book "Great Power Ambition, A Dream of a Great Power That Never Fades" (English name: When China Rules the World: The End of the Western World and the Birth of a New Global Order) 10 years ago. The book predicts that in the next few decades, Chinese society will experience a huge change in all aspects, and will show completely different characteristics of the people: richer, healthier, more international, focusing on the global vision, and more capable. Feel the feelings of others, be more confident, have a higher level of education, be more open-minded, and pay more attention to environmental protection. And these inward-looking changes will determine the future of China's ability to lead the new world order.

what is interesting is,On July 3, the US "Washington Post" published an open letter from 100 "China hands" to US President Trump and members of the US Congress, titled "China is not an enemy". The letter was signed by 100 senior experts on Asia and China in the American academic, foreign policy, military and business circles. The open letter demonstrates the damage caused by the US-China confrontation to the US from seven aspects. Experts believe that China is not an economic enemy, nor does it pose a national security threat to the United States that requires a full-scale confrontation, and it is many actions of the United States that directly contributed to the downward spiral of relations between the two countries. The United States is trying to treat China as an enemy and decouple from it in the global economy, which will damage the international status and reputation of the United States and damage the economic interests of all countries.

The rise of China has allowed this big eastern country to regain its former self-confidence, and the sense of superiority of the West has gradually disappeared. Without China's rise and prosperity, would China have been able to withstand the Asian financial crisis in 1998 and the global financial crisis in 2008? China's strength and moral responsibility have successfully withstood the impact of the two economic crises and become the backbone of the stability and recovery of the world economy.

It can be seen that China's rise is peaceful, prosperous and win-win.

It is foreseeable that China's revival will bring more benefits to the world!

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